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Anatol J Cardiol: 17 (4)
Volume: 17  Issue: 4 - April 2017
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EDITORIAL
1.Facts for patients, physicians and institutions
Bilgin Timuralp
PMID: 28466827  PMCID: PMC5469104  doi: 10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2017.04  Page 257
Abstract | Full Text PDF

META ANALYSIS
2.The outcomes of intravascular ultrasound-guided drug-eluting stent implantation among patients with complex coronary lesions: a comprehensive meta-analysis of 15 clinical trials and 8,084 patients
Zhong Guo Fan, Xiao Fei Gao, Xiao Bo Li, Ming- Xue Shao, Ya Li Gao, Shao Liang Chen, Nai Liang Tian
PMID: 28344214  PMCID: PMC5469105  doi: 10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2016.7461  Pages 258 - 268
Objective: The effects of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)-guided drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation in patients with complex coronary artery lesions remains to be controversial. This study sought to evaluate the outcomes of IVUS guidance in these patients. Methods: The EMBASE, Medline, and other internet sources were searched for relevant articles. The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac events (MACE), including all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction (MI), and target-vessel revascularization (TVR). The incidence of definite/probable stent thrombosis (ST) was analyzed as the safety endpoint. Results: Fifteen clinical trials involving 8.084 patients were analyzed. MACE risk was significantly decreased following IVUS-guided DES implantation compared with coronary angiography (CAG) guidance (odds ratio [OR] 0.63, 95% confidence intervals [CI]: 0.53–0.73, p<0.001), which might mainly result from the lower all-cause mortality risk (OR 0.52, 95% CI: 0.40–0.67, p<0.001), MI (OR 0.70, 95% CI: 0.56–0.86, p=0.001), and TVR (OR 0.53, 95% CI: 0.40–0.70, p<0.001). The subgroup analyses indicated better outcomes of IVUS guidance in DES implantation for these patients with left main disease or bifurcation lesions. Conclusion: IVUS guidance in DES implantation is associated with a significant reduction in MACE risk in patients with complex lesions, particularly those with left main disease or bifurcation lesions. More large and powerful randomized trials are still warranted to guide stenting decision making.

ORIGINAL INVESTIGATION
3.Inhibition of 5-lipoxygenase by zileuton in a rat model of myocardial infarction
Leyla Abueid, Ünal Uslu, Alev Cumbul, Ayliz Velioğlu Öğünç, Feriha Ercan, İnci Alican
PMID: 27849187  PMCID: PMC5469106  doi: 10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2016.7248  Pages 269 - 275
Objective: The goal of the present study was to investigate the effects of 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX) inhibition, alone and with cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitors, on inflammatory parameters and apoptosis in ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced myocardial damage in rats. For this purpose, zileuton, a selective and potent inhibitor of 5-LOX, resulting in suppression leukotriene production, was used.
Methods: Male Wistar rats (200-250 g; n=12 per group) were used in the study. I/R was performed by occluding the left coronary artery for 30 minutes and 2 hours of reperfusion of the heart. Experimental groups were I/R group, sham I/R group, zileuton (5 mg/kg orally, twice daily)+I/R group, zileuton+indomethacin (5 mg/kg intraperitoneally)+I/R group, zileuton+ketorolac (10 mg/kg subcutaneously)+I/R group, and zileuton+nimesulide (5 mg/kg subcutaneously)+I/R group. Following I/R, blood samples were collected to measure tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), and left ventricles were excised for evaluation of microscopic damage; malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione, nuclear factor (NF)-κB assays; and evaluation of apoptosis.
Results: Left ventricle MDA in I/R group was higher compared to sham group; however, it did not show significant change with zileuton. Although tissue injury in I/R group was less severe in all treatment groups, it was not statistically significant. NF-κB H-score and apoptotic index, which were higher in I/R group compared to sham I/R, were decreased with application of zileuton (H-score: p<0.01; apoptotic index: p<0.001). Zileuton had no significant effect on increased serum TNF-α levels in I/R group.
Conclusion: 5-LOX inhibition in rat myocardial infarction model attenuated increased left ventricle NF-κB expression and apoptosis and these actions were not modulated by COX inhibitors. (Anatol J Cardiol 2016; 16: 000-00)

4.Clinical risk scores predict procedural complications of primary percutaneous coronary intervention
Laszlo Hadadi, Razvan Constantin Şerban, Alina Scridon, Ioana Şuş, Eva Katalin Lakatos, Zoltan Demjen, Dan Dobreanu
PMID: 28315564  PMCID: PMC5469107  doi: 10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2017.7471  Pages 276 - 284
Objective: The predictive value of five risk score models containing clinical (PAMI-PMS, GRACE–GRS, and modified ACEF-ACEFm–scores), angiographic SYNTAX score (SXS) and combined Clinical SYNTAX score (CSS) variables were evaluated for the incidence of three procedural complications of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI): iatrogenic coronary artery dissection, angiographically visible distal embolization and angiographic no-reflow phenomenon.
Methods: The mentioned scores and the incidence of procedural complications were retrospectively analyzed in 399 consecutive patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction who underwent pPCI.
Results: Coronary dissection, distal embolization and no-reflow occurred in 39 (9.77%), 71 (17.79%), and 108 (27.07%) subjects, respectively. Coronary dissections were significantly associated with higher GRS, ACEFm, and CSS values (all p<0.05). PMS, GRS, ACEFm, and CSS were significantly higher in patients with no-reflow (all p<0.05), while distal embolization was not predicted by any of the calculated scores. In multiple logistic regression models, GRS and ACEFm remained independent predictors of both coronary dissections (OR 3.20, 95% CI 1.56–6.54, p<0.01 and OR 2.87, 95% CI 1.27–6.45, p=0.01, respectively) and no-reflow (OR 1.71, 95% CI 1.04–2.82, p=0.03 and OR 1.86, 95% CI 1.10–3.14, p=0.01, respectively).
Conclusion: Whereas SXS failed to predict procedural complications related to pPCI, two simple, noninvasive risk models, GRS and ACEFm, independently predicted coronary dissections and no-reflow. Pre-interventional assessment of these scores may help the interventional cardiologist to prepare for procedural complications during pPCI. (Anatol J Cardiol 2017; 17: 000-00)
Objective: The predictive value of five risk score models containing clinical (PAMI-PMS, GRACE–GRS, and modified ACEF-ACEFm–scores), angiographic SYNTAX score (SXS) and combined Clinical SYNTAX score (CSS) variables were evaluated for the incidence of three procedural complications of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI): iatrogenic coronary artery dissection, angiographically visible distal embolization and angiographic no-reflow phenomenon.
Methods: The mentioned scores and the incidence of procedural complications were retrospectively analyzed in 399 consecutive patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction who underwent pPCI.
Results: Coronary dissection, distal embolization and no-reflow occurred in 39 (9.77%), 71 (17.79%), and 108 (27.07%) subjects, respectively. Coronary dissections were significantly associated with higher GRS, ACEFm, and CSS values (all p<0.05). PMS, GRS, ACEFm, and CSS were significantly higher in patients with no-reflow (all p<0.05), while distal embolization was not predicted by any of the calculated scores. In multiple logistic regression models, GRS and ACEFm remained independent predictors of both coronary dissections (OR 3.20, 95% CI 1.56–6.54, p<0.01 and OR 2.87, 95% CI 1.27–6.45, p=0.01, respectively) and no-reflow (OR 1.71, 95% CI 1.04–2.82, p=0.03 and OR 1.86, 95% CI 1.10–3.14, p=0.01, respectively).
Conclusion: Whereas SXS failed to predict procedural complications related to pPCI, two simple, noninvasive risk models, GRS and ACEFm, independently predicted coronary dissections and no-reflow. Pre-interventional assessment of these scores may help the interventional cardiologist to prepare for procedural complications during pPCI. (Anatol J Cardiol 2017; 17: 000-00)

5.Prediction of fractional flow reserve with angiographic DILEMMA score
Osman Beton, Hakkı Kaya, Okan Onur Turgut, Mehmet Birhan Yılmaz
PMID: 27849190  PMCID: PMC5469108  doi: 10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2016.7379  Pages 285 - 292
Objective: Angiographic assessment of stenosis has limited predictive value for functionally significant lesions compared with fractional flow reserve (FFR). The recently developed angiographic DILEMMA score, which consists of minimal lumen diameter (MLD), lesion length (LL) and Bypass Angioplasty Revascularization Investigation (BARI) Myocardial Jeopardy Index (MJI) was found to have diagnostic value in predicting FFR ≤0.80. The present study was an investigation of prediction of FFR ≤0.80 using DILEMMA score and its relationship to resting distal coronary artery pressure/aortic pressure (Pd/Pa).
Methods: Records of consecutive patients who underwent coronary angiography and FFR were retrospectively analyzed. Assessment of MLD and LL was performed using quantitative coronary angiography. BARI MJI was calculated using angiographic calculation index.
Results: A total of 185 pressure wire analysis data sets from 150 patients were analyzed retrospectively. There were 82 lesions in FFR >0.80 group and 103 lesions in FFR ≤0.80 group. Negative correlation was found between FFR and DILEMMA score (r=-0.494; p<0.001), FFR and BARI-MJI (r=- 0.378; p<0.001), and between FFR and LL (r=-0.314; p<0.001). Positive correlation was found between FFR and baseline Pd/Pa (r=0.713; p<0.001), and between FFR and MLD (r=0.415; p<0.001). DILEMMA score had negative correlation with resting Pd/Pa (r=-0.389; p<0.001). In receiver operating characteristic analysis for diagnosing FFR≤0.80, area under curve values of resting Pd/Pa, DILEMMA score, MLD, BARI-MJI, and LL were 0.862, 0.793, 0.780, 0.728, and 0.686, respectively.
Conclusion: DILEMMA score had moderately strong correlation with FFR and good accuracy in diagnosing significant FFR, but it had weak correlation with resting Pd/Pa. (Anatol J Cardiol 2016; 16: 000-00)

6.Relationship between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and the SYNTAX score in patients with acute coronary syndrome
Ahmet Oğuz Baktır, Yasemin Doğan, Bahadır Şarlı, Ömer Şahin, Erkan Demirci, Mahmut Akpek, Eyüp Özkan, Hüseyin Arınç, Hayrettin Sağlam
PMID: 28179617  PMCID: PMC5469109  doi: 10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2016.6977  Pages 293 - 297
Objective: The extent of severity and complexity of coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients presenting with ST-segment elevation myocar- dial infarction (STEMI) and non-STEMI (NSTEMI) and possible correlations between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) have not yet been adequately studied. We evaluated the relationship between 25(OH)D levels and the burden of CAD as assessed by the SYNTAX score (SXscore) in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) including STEMI and NSTEMI.
Methods: After exclusion, a total of 113 patients who were admitted to our hospital due to ACS and who were referred for undergoing coronary angiography were prospectively included. Their mean age was 63.3±18.5 years, and 80.5% of them were men. In total, 44.2% of the patients had NSTEMI and the remaining had STEMI. Blood samples were drawn at admission to evaluate serum 25(OH)D levels. CAD severity was assessed using the SXscore. Patients were classified as having low (SXscore ≤22) or high (SXscore >22) SXscores. Pearson’s and Spearman’s correlation coefficients were used to examine the relationship between serum 25(OH)D levels and the SXscore.
Results: 25(OH)D levels were significantly lower in the group with a high SXscore than in the group with a low SXscore (21.0±8.0 vs. 16.7±6.8, p=0.005). Correlation analysis showed a significant correlation between 25(OH)D levels and the SXscore. Multiple linear regression (MLR) analy- sis was used to determine the significance of the relationship between the SXscore and 25(OH)D, parathyroid hormone, and C-reactive protein levels and eGFR. MLR analysis revealed that only 25(OH)D levels (coefficient beta, −0.217, p=0.029) was significantly associated with the severity of CAD.
Conclusion: The present study showed that serum 25(OH)D levels were significantly lower in patients with STEMI/NSTEMI and that low serum 25(OH)D levels were significantly correlated with CAD severity and extent. (Anatol J Cardiol 2017; 17: 000-00)

7.Improvement in left ventricular intrinsic dyssynchrony with cardiac resynchronization therapy
Serdar Bozyel, Ayşen Ağaçdiken Ağır, Tayfun Şahin, Umut Çelikyurt, Müjdat Aktaş, Onur Argan, İrem Yılmaz, Kurtuluş Karaüzüm, Emir Derviş, Ahmet Vural, Dilek Ural
PMID: 28315562  PMCID: PMC5469110  doi: 10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2017.7176  Pages 298 - 302
Objective: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) has been shown to induce a structural and electrical remodeling; the data on whether left ventricle (LV) reverse remodeling is associated with restitution of intrinsic contraction pattern are unknown. In this study, we investigated the presence of improvement in left ventricular intrinsic dyssynchrony in patients with CRT.
Methods: A total of 45 CRT recipients were prospectively studied. Dyssynchrony indexes including interventricular mechanical delay (IVMD) and tissue Doppler velocity opposing-wall delay (OWD) as well as QRS duration on 12-lead surface electrocardiogram were recorded before CRT device implantation. After 1 year, patients with chronic biventricular pacing were reprogramed to VVI 40 to allow the resumption of native conduction and contraction pattern. After 4–6 h of intrinsic rhythm, QRS duration and all echocardiographic measurements were recorded. Dyssynchrony was defined as IVMD >40 ms and OWD >65 ms. CRT response was defined by a ≥15% reduction in left ventricular end-systolic volume (LVESV) at a 12-month follow-up.
Results: Thirty-two patients (71%) showed response to CRT. The native QRS duration reduced significantly from 150±12 ms to 138±14 ms (p<0.001), and dyssynchrony indexes showed a significant improvement only in responders. The mean OWD reduced from 86±37 ms to 50±29 ms (p<0.001), and the mean IVMD decreased from 55±22 ms to 28±22 ms (p<0.001) in responders. The reduction in LVESV was significantly correlated with ΔOWD (r=0.47, p=0.001), ΔIVMD (r=0.45, p=0.001), and ΔQRS (r=0.34, p=0.022).
Conclusion: Chronic CRT significantly improves LV native contraction pattern and causes reverse remodeling in dyssynchrony. (Anatol J Cardiol 2017; 17: 000-00)

8.Genotyping of six clopidogrel-metabolizing enzyme polymorphisms has a minor role in the assessment of platelet reactivity in patients with acute coronary syndrome
Maria Henar Garcia - Lagunar, Luciano Consuegra - Sanchez, Pablo Conesa- Zamora, Javier Ruiz - Cosano, Federico Soria Arcos, Luis Garci&769;a De Guadiana, Pedro Cano Vivar, Juan Antonio Castillo - Moreno, Antonio Melgarejo - Moreno
PMID: 28179614  PMCID: PMC5469111  doi: 10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2016.7390  Pages 303 - 312
Objective: To evaluate the contribution of six polymorphisms to the platelet reactivity in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) treated with clopidogrel.
Methods: Cross-sectional study of 278 consecutive patients with ACS. Detailed clinical information for each patient was collected and geno- types (CYP2C9*2, CYP2C9*3, CYP2C19*2, CYP2C19*17, CYP3A4*1B, and PON1-Q192R) were evaluated with TaqMan® and KASPar® assays. Plate- let reactivity was measured with VerifyNow®.
Results: Mean age of patients was 66±11 years and 182 (65.5%) patients presented ACS without ST-segment elevation. A total of 206 (74.1%) patients presented poor response to clopidogrel (PRC). CYP2C19*2 polymorphism (p=0.038) was associated with PRC in the univariate setting. In the multiple logistic regression analysis, the risk factors for PRC were the presence of CYP3A4*1B allele (odds ratio [OR] 4.03; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.01–16.34), age (OR 1.43; 95% CI 1.03–2.00), and body mass index (OR 4.05; 95% CI 1.21–13.43), whereas elevated hemoglobin was a protective factor. Discrimination of PRC through the model that included the six polymorphisms added modest information to the model based on clinical variables (C statistic difference 3.9%).
Conclusion: CYP3A4*1B allele may be an independent determinant of PRC in patients with ACS, although the variability in response to clopidogrel explained by the six polymorphisms is poor when compared to clinical variables. (Anatol J Cardiol 2017; 17: 000-00)

9.Polymorphisms of lipid metabolism enzyme-coding genes in patients with diabetic dyslipidemia
Aslı Tetik Vardarlı, Ece Harman, Vildan Bozok Çetintaş, Meral Kayıkçıoğlu, Egemen Vardarlı, Ayhan Zengi, Ali Şahin Küçükaslan, Zuhal Eroğlu
PMID: 28315561  PMCID: PMC5469112  doi: 10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2016.7142  Pages 313 - 321
Objective: The polymorphisms/mutations of genes encoding proteins and enzymes involved in lipoprotein metabolism play important roles in the development of diabetic dyslipidemia. The aim of our study was to investigate the effects of LPL (rs320), LIPC (rs2070895), SCARB1 (rs5888), LCAT (rs2292318), CETP (rs708272), ADIPOQ (rs1501299), RETN (rs3745367), PON1 (rs662), and MNSOD (rs4880) gene polymorphisms on lipid metabolism and diabetic dyslipidemia.
Methods: This case-control study included 217 patients with diabetic dyslipidemia and 212 healthy age- and gender-matched individuals. Genomic DNA isolation was performed from blood samples, and genotype analysis was performed using melting curve analysis on a LightCycler® 480 Instrument. The chi-square test was used to compare genotype distribution and allele frequencies between the groups.
Results: Significant associations were observed between LPL (rs320) (p<0.001), LIPC (rs2070895) (p<0.001), SCARB1 (rs5888) (p<0.001), LCAT (rs2292318) (p<0.001), CETP (rs708272) (p<0.001), ADIPOQ (rs1501299) (p=0.01), RETN (rs3745367) (p<0.001), and MNSOD (rs4880) (p<0.001) polymorphisms and diabetic dyslipidemia. However, no association was observed between PON1 (rs662) polymorphisms and diabetic dyslipidemia (p=0.611).
Conclusion: LPL (rs320), LIPC (rs2070895), SCARB1 (rs5888), LCAT (rs2292318), CETP (rs708272), ADIPOQ (rs1501299), RETN (rs3745367), and MNSOD (rs4880) polymorphisms play an important role in basic molecular metabolism in diabetic dyslipidemia. Therefore, these polymorphisms may be used as a predictive marker for diabetic dyslipidemia in high-risk patients. (Anatol J Cardiol 2017; 17: 000-00)

10.Effectiveness of computed tomography attenuation values in characterization of pericardial effusion
Mehmet Serkan Çetin, Elif Hande Özcan Çetin, Mustafa Özdemir, Serkan Topaloglu, Dursun Aras, Ahmet Temizhan, Sinan Aydoğdu
PMID: 28100899  PMCID: PMC5469113  doi: 10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2016.7353  Pages 322 - 327
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of computed tomography (CT) attenuation values in the characterization of pericardial effusion.
Methods: This study consisted of 96 patients with pericardial effusion who underwent pericardiocentesis. For further diagnostic evaluation of pericardial effusion, all the patients were assessed by thorax CT. CT attenuation values were measured from at least 5 different areas of peri- cardial fluid by specifying the largest region of interest. The average of these measurements was computed and considered as the CT attenua- tion value of the patient. The patients were classified into two groups: patients with transudative pericardial effusion and those with exudative pericardial effusion.
Results: CT attenuation values were significantly higher in patients with exudative pericardial effusion than in those with transudative pericar- dial effusion [14.85±10.7 Hounsfield unit (HU) vs. 1.13±4.3 HU, p<0.001]. CT attenuation values had a close correlation with the pericardial fluid albumin (r=0.829), protein (r=0.752), and LDH (r=0.708) levels; WBC count (r=0.564); protein ratio (r=0.739); and LDH ratio (r=0.689) as well as the albumin gradient (r=–0.725). A cut-off value of 4.7 HU had 80% sensitivity and 87.7% specificity for the identification of exudative pericardial ef- fusion. In addition, a cut-off value of 6.5 HU had 71.4% sensitivity and 72.3% specificity for the prediction of cardiac tamponade.
Conclusion: In patients with pericardial effusion, CT attenuation values seem to be correlated with the characterization parameters of the fluid and may distinguish exudative pericardial effusion from transudative pericardial effusion. This parameter was also found to be a predictor of cardiac tamponade. CT attenuation values can be a useful tool in the clinical evaluation of patients with pericardial effusion. (Anatol J Cardiol 2017; 17: 000-00)

11.Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation for refractory cardiac arrest in children after cardiac surgery
Ersin Erek, Selim Aydın, Dilek Suzan, Okan Yıldız, Fırat Altın, Barış Kırat, Ibrahim Halil Demir, Ender Ödemiş
PMID: 28045013  PMCID: PMC5469114  doi: 10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2016.6658  Pages 328 - 333
Objective: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is used to provide cardiorespiratory support during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation; ECPR) unresponsive to conventional methods. In this study, the results of ECPR in a cardiac arrest setting after cardiac surgery in children were analyzed.
Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, between November 2010 and June 2014, 613 congenital heart operations were performed by the same surgical team. Medical records of all the patients who experienced cardiac arrest and ECPR in an early postoperative period (n=25; 4%) were analyzed. Their ages were between 2 days and 4.5 years (median: 3 months). Sixteen patients had palliative procedures. In 88% of the patients, cardiac arrest episodes occurred in the first 24 h after operation. Mechanical support was provided by cardiopulmonary bypass only (n=10) or by ECMO (n=15) during CPR.
Results: The CPR duration until commencing mechanical support was <20 min in two patients, 20–40 min in 11 patients, and >40 min in 12 patients. Eleven patients (44%) were weaned successfully from ECMO and survived more than 7 days. Five of them (20%) could be discharged. The CPR duration before ECMO (p=0.01) and biventricular physiology (p=0.022) was the key factor affecting survival. The follow-up duration was a mean of 15±11.9 months. While four patients were observed to have normal neuromotor development, one patient died of cerebral bleeding 6 months after discharge.
Conclusion: Postoperative cardiac arrest usually occurs in the first 24 h after operation. ECPR provides a second chance for survival in children who have had cardiac arrest. Shortening the duration of CPR before ECMO might increase survival rates.

SCIENTIFIC LETTER
12.Echocardiographic predictors of atrial fibrillation after mitral valve replacement
Heba Abd El-kader Mansour, Tarek Helmy Abo El-azm, Shimaa Ahmed Mostafa, Al-shimaa Mohamed Sabry, Basant Samy Zahid
PMID: 28466828  PMCID: PMC5469115  doi: 10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2017.7603  Pages 334 - 336
Abstract | Full Text PDF

CASE REPORT
13.Magnetocardiographic evaluation of nonarrhythmogenic flecainide-induced electrocardiographic T-wave inversion
Donatella Brisinda, Anna Rita Sorbo, Lara La Brocca, Riccardo Fenici
PMID: 28466829  PMCID: PMC5469116  doi: 10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2017.7556  Pages 337 - 339
Abstract | Full Text PDF

DIAGNOSTIC PUZZLE
14.An unusual mass in unusual gender
Yavuzer Koza, Uğur Kaya, Ziya Şimşek, Şule Karakelleoğlu
PMID: 28466830  PMCID: PMC5469117  Page 340
Abstract | Full Text PDF

LETTER TO THE EDITOR
15.Serum nitric oxide level in patients with coronary artery ectasia
Fatih Kahraman, Mustafa Karabacak, Yasin Türker
PMID: 28466831  PMCID: PMC5469118  doi: 10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2017.7738  Page 341
Abstract | Full Text PDF

16.Author`s Reply
Kerim Esenboğa, Ömer Faruk Çiçek
PMID: 28466832  PMCID: PMC5469119  Pages 341 - 342
Abstract | Full Text PDF

17.Proper diagnosis of antithrombin III deficiency
Zehra Narlı Özdemir, Muhit Özcan
PMID: 28466833  PMCID: PMC5469120  doi: 10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2017.7693  Page 342
Abstract | Full Text PDF

18.Author`s Reply
Mert İlker Hayıroğlu, Muhammed Keskin
PMID: 28466834  PMCID: PMC5469121  Pages 342 - 343
Abstract | Full Text PDF

19.Inflammatory activity of adipose tissue
Şahin İşcan, İsmail Yürekli, Habib Çakır, Orhan Gökalp
PMID: 28466835  PMCID: PMC5469122  doi: 10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2017.7729  Pages 343 - 344
Abstract | Full Text PDF

20.Author`s Reply
Sinan Altan Kocaman
PMID: 28466836  PMCID: PMC5469123  Page 344
Abstract | Full Text PDF

21.Predictors of postoperative atrial fibrillation after coronary artery bypass grafting surgery
Can Ramazan Öncel, Murathan Küçük
PMID: 28466837  PMCID: PMC5469124  doi: 10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2017.7605  Pages 344 - 345
Abstract | Full Text PDF

22.Tissue Doppler assessment of left ventricular function in asymptomatic diabetic patients
Slavica Mitrovska, Sasko Jovev, Carla Loreto
PMID: 28466838  PMCID: PMC5469125  doi: 10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2017.7691  Pages 345 - 346
Abstract | Full Text PDF

DIAGNOSTIC PUZZLE - ANSWER
23.An unusual mass in unusual gender
Yavuzer Koza, Uğur Kaya, Ziya Şimşek, Şule Karakelleoğlu
PMCID: PMC5469126  Page 347
Abstract | Full Text PDF | Video

MISCELLANEOUS
24.Founding father of clarivate analytics' web of science, Dr. Eugene Garfield dies at 91

PMID: 28466839  PMCID: PMC5469127  doi: 10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2017.7846  Page 348
Abstract | Full Text PDF

E-PAGE ORIGINAL IMAGES
25.A giant left ventricular thrombus: a shrimp in the heart
Murat İkizler
PMID: 28484202  PMCID: PMC5469128  doi: 10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2017.7696  Page E2
Abstract | Full Text PDF

26.Giant pheochromocytoma in type 1 neurofibromatosis patient
Dan Nicolae Tesloianu, Andreea-maria Ursaru, Ovidiu Mitu, Tamara Bostaca, Nicolae Danila, Delia Ciobanu, Antoniu Octavian Petris
PMID: 28484203  PMCID: PMC5469129  doi: 10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2017.7754  Pages E2 - E3
Abstract | Full Text PDF



 
 
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